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Markova stacks:
Enhancing NLP use of sensory modalities

Dawna Markova has discovered 6 natural patterns of human intelligence that strongly influence how you and your clients process sensory information, think, learn, and communicate. Her model greatly enriches NLP and expands what you can do with it.

Discover your natural intelligence pattern, and enhance how you use it. Improve rapport and communication with those you formerly found difficult to communicate with.

Markova stack articles

Markova stack basics: Learn the 6 patterns of sensory processing, how they affect people, and how to use them. A version of this article recently appeared in Anchor Point magazine. Corrections to the Anchor Point version.

Part 1: Introduction to Markova modality stacking. Expands Markova's work with distinctions that make it more useful for doing NLP.

Part 2: Markova stack patterns: a quick guide. An overview of the six patterns and how they affect communication, learning, and character.

Part 3: Patterns of communication and learning. How Markova stacks influence how you think and communicate.

Part 4: How to elicit Markova stacks in yourself and others.

Part 5: How to utilize Markova stacks to enhance rapport, improve communication, take people into and out of trance conversationally, match metaphors and hypnotic inductions to people's information strategies, and use your NLP "tool kit" more precisely and effectively.

What's your Markova stack? Easy questionnaire to help you determine your own pattern.

How to switch your Markova stack. Methods from Sergey Berezin and W. Keppel, 2006.

Markova stacks and relationships. Common pitfalls of Markova stack combinations, and what to do about them.

Solving problems and generating metaphors by bringing all 3 levels of your mind to bear in new ways.


The Open Mind: Exploring the 6 Patterns of Intelligence by Dawna Markova explains her model in depth. Includes very useful chapters on how to accommodate and communicate with people using each sensory pattern. Find out how to accommodate your own natural intelligence, and improve communication and rapport with others. Clearly written for laypeople. Highly recommended. Out of print; buy used on Amazon.

Monsters and Magical Sticks or There's No Such Thing as Hypnosis, 2nd edition, by Steven Heller (1994). Elements in the least conscious modality often act as drivers for problem patterns. Heller discusses in depth how to use the conscious, subconscious, and unconscious modalities for therapeutic problem-solving. His model is the closest to Markova's that we've found in NLP, and complements it best.

A delightful and incisive introduction to hypnosis with some NLP, this book includes insightful patterns that nearly everyone doing change work will find useful, as well as marvelous therapeutic metaphors. Buy on Amazon.

Markova stacks are one of the most useful distinctions we have found for enhancing NLP, communication, and our personal relationships. We hope you find it as useful as we have.


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